Tables for Dental Implants in the Diabetic Patient Article

A Retrospective Study

By Thomas J. Balshi, DDS, PhD, FACP and Glenn J. Wolfinger, DMD, FACP

Table 1 – Demographic Data

AGE SMOKER?
SEX COUNT AVERAGE STD DEV RANGE YES NO
Male 17 59.1 12.7 34-75 2 15
Female 17 64.7 10.3 39-79 0 17
TOTAL 34 62.0 11.7 34-79 2 32

 

Table 2 – Anatomic Distribution of Implants Placed

Region Total
Ant. Maxilla 45
Post. Maxilla 73
Maxilla 118
Ant. Mandible 46
Post. Mandible 63
Mandible 109
Total 227

 

Table 3 – Lengths and Diameters of Implants Placed

Length Diameter
Length (mm) Count Diameter (mm) Count
Successful Failures Successful Failures
7.0 7 3.0 2
8.0 3 3.75 164 7
8.5 2 4.0 24 7
10 54 6 5.0 13
12 3 Unknown 10
13 54 4 Total 213 14
15 54 1
18 20 3
20 6
Unknown 10
Total 213 14

 

Table 4 – Characterization of Failed Implants

Sex Age Position Diameter (mm) Length (mm) Healing Period (mo) Cause and Status
F 76 12 3.75 13 6 Surgical: soft tissue grew in between the implant and bone.
F 70 16 4.0 18 8 Surgical: Failed to integrate; immediate load
F 70 18 3.75 10 2.75 Surgical: Failed to integrate; immediate load
F 70 27 3.75 15 Surgical: Failed to integrate
F 70 29 4.0 13 Surgical: Failed to integrate; immediate load
F 70 30 4.0 13 2.75 Surgical: Failed to integrate
M 66 5 4.0 18 12.75 Surgical: Failed to integrate
M 66 8 4.0 10 12.75 Surgical: Failed to integrate
M 66 9 4.0 10 12.75 Surgical: Failed to integrate
M 66 14 4.0 18 12.75 Surgical: Failed to integrate
M* 65 18 3.75 10 3.75 Surgical: Failed to integrate
M** 65 19 3.75 10 3.75 Surgical: Failed to integrate
M 53 29 3.75 10 2.5 Surgical: Failed to integrate
M 75 4 3.75 13 4.75 Post-restoration failure: Bruxing and clenching

* Removed 7.5 months after exposure; never loaded.
** Removed 2 weeks after exposure; never loaded.
*** Months post-restoration at time of failure

Table 5 – Patient’s Results By Stage Achieved

 

Number of
Stage Patients Implants Successful Implants Failed Implants
Surgery 34 227 —- —-
Exposed, Failure 6* 13 0 13
Exposed, Successful, Not Attached 5 38 38 0
Attachment completed 29 176 175 1

 

 

 

* One patient had failed implants at exposure and other implants were successful at uncovering.

 

Pi Dental Center, Fort Washington, PA